Non Fungible Tokens (NFTs) are the next big trend after the DeFi craze. They have been growing in popularity and impact lately. NFTs are Non Fungible Tokens, i.e. they are unique and not exchangeable on a 1:1 basis with other tokens. NFTs can be art, collectible cards, a person’s time or provided services, game items, domains etc and in short, all tokenizable real virtual “assets”.
Why do they matter? Because they can be used convincingly to prove authenticity and ownership on the public blockchain. Just like the original items or things, they retain their worth, even though the duplicates are arguably easy to make. Just like the original Mona Lisa is worth more than the identical copy you have hanging at home.
Two Ethereum standards govern the creation, modification and transfer of NFTs, namely ERC-721 (supporting single tokens creation and requiring a different smart contracts every time) and ERC-1155 (supporting batch transfer and allowing a single smart contract to mint infinite tokens). To support the NFTs indexing and sale/transfer, different marketplaces have sprung up. The top 5 NFTs marketplaces are as follows.
5. Enjin Marketplace
Enjin is the official marketplace for Enjin based NFTs. It allows users to discover, buy and sell NFTs from the web based interface and also the native Enjin wallet. The marketplace was potentially one of the earliest to go online. It allows users to pay with ENJ – the native Enjin token, however ETH is still required to process transactions.
The platform is aimed at gamers specially, with different items usable across multiple games. Enjin marketplace has significant trading volume, lists thousands of assets and features a clean clutter-less interface.
Rarible offers minting and marketplace services for NFTs. It even has a governance token called RARI, which allows users to participate in voting on important matters. The users can keep the minted NFTs, gift them and sell on the marketplace.
The interface allows for creators to set “royalties” meaning that they can receive share from every subsequent transfer of ownership. The interface is neat and filled with simple tutorials to help people navigate around.
3. Super Rare
Super rare, as the name states, deals in super rare art. It’s a NFT marketplace that deals with unique digital art-works. The platform features a simplified experience, social profiles, mobile app, live auctions, extended payment options and improved management.
Decentraland is an informal NFT marketplace, it’s best described as fully decentralized digital world – a Sims-like virtual reality. The users can purchase plots of land (non-fungible unique digital assets) that they can develop upon. It includes the record of the location, owner, content description and access controls.
The Decentraland DAO holds important smart contracts and assets that make up Decentraland. It also controls high amount of MANA tokens which allows autonomous function, provision of subsidy, normal operation etc. The community can vote on policy update, future LAND auctions, determining the NFT contracts allowed, builder and marketplace etc. In short, they can vote on, whatever they want to vote on. The governance mechanism is built in and powered by Aragon.
The first and largest marketplace, OpenSea focuses on every type of Non Fungible Token (NFT). It allows users to sell art, game items, collectibles, virtual stuff, domain names etc. OpenSea variety and transaction volumes eclipses that of any other similar platform. The platform has auction feature and integrations with crypto infrastructure.